The Tcp/Ip System

In order for computers all over the world to communicate with one another, there needed to be a form of standardized protocols that they all follow. It is a complicated set of layers of protocols each handling a different set of problems, and is described in the Guide to TCP/IP Internetworking:

TCP/IP is a set of protocols that allow cooperating computers to share resources across a network. It was developed by a community of researchers centered around the ARPAnet. Certainly the ARPAnet was the best known TCP/IP network, but now has been replaced by the Internet. The most accurate name for the set of protocols we will describing is the "Internet protocol suite" or "Internet protocol stack". TCP and IP are two of the protocols in this suite and because they are the best known of the protocols, it has become common to use the term TCP/IP to refer to the whole family. So the generic term TCP/IP usually means anything and everything related to the specific protocols of TCP and IP. It can include other protocols, applications, and even the network medium.

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